Guru Purnima 2021 – There is a tradition in ancient India of Guru and Shishya in Ashrams which continues even today. Thousands of stories of this tradition of Guru and disciple will be found in Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas. In the scriptures, after the parents, the guru has the highest status. Let’s know 10 main things of Guru and disciple tradition.
Guru Purnima 2021: 10 key points of the Guru and Shishya tradition.
1. First Guru: Lord Brahma and Shiva are considered to be the first gurus of this world. When Brahmaji taught his Manas sons, Shiva gave education to his 7 disciples who were called Saptarishis. It was Shiva who started the guru and disciple tradition, due to which even today the same tradition is being followed in all the saints like Nath, Shaiv, Shakta etc. Adiguru Shankaracharya and Guru Gorakhnath carried this tradition further.
2. Second Guru Dattatreya: Lord Dattatreya is considered to be the greatest Guru after Shiva. Dattatreya had received initiation and education from all three Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh. Dattatreya’s brothers were Rishi Durvasa and Moon. Dattatreya was the son of Atri, the son of Brahma and Anusuya, the daughter of the sage Kardam.
3. Guru of the Gods: The first Guru of the Gods was Angira Rishi. After that Angira’s son Brihaspati became the Guru. After that Brihaspati’s son Bharadwaj became the Guru. Apart from this, every deity has been the guru of someone or the other.
4. Guru of Asuras: The name of the Guru of all Asuras is Shukracharya. Before Shukracharya, Maharishi Bhrigu was the guru of the demons. There have been many great demons who have been gurus of one or the other.
5. Guru of Gods: Lord Parashurama’s gurus were Lord Shiva himself and Lord Dattatreya. The gurus of Lord Rama were Rishi Vashishtha and Vishwamitra. The gurus of Hanumanji were sages Suryadev, Narada and Matang. Guru of Lord Sri Krishna: The Guru of Lord Sri Krishna was Garga Muni, Sandipani and Veda Vyasa Rishi. Guru Vishwamitra, Alara, Kalam, Uddaka Ramaputta etc. were the gurus of Lord Buddha.
6. Guru in Mahabharata: Guru Dronacharya was the guru of Eklavya, Kauravas and Pandavas during the Mahabharata period. Parashuramji was Karna’s guru. Similarly, some warrior had some guru or the other. Veda Vyasa, Garga Muni, Sandipani, Durvasa etc.
7. Guru of Acharya Chanakya: Chanakya’s guru was his father, Chanak. Acharya Chanakya was the guru of the great emperor Chandragupta. There have been many great gurus during Chanakya’s time.
8. Guru of Adishankaracharya and Lahri Mahasaya: It is said that Mahavatar Baba taught Kriya Yoga to Adishankaracharya and later he also gave initiation to Saint Kabir. After this the famous saint Lahiri Mahasaya is said to be his disciple. This is mentioned by Paramahansa Yogananda, a disciple of Lahiri Mahasaya’s disciple Swami Yutteshwar Giri, in his book ‘Autobiography of Yogi’ (Autobiography of Yogi, 1946). Although known as Adi Shankarajarya’s guru Acharya Govinda was Bhagavatpada.
9. Guru of Guru Gorakhnath: The great guru of the Navnaths was the Guru of Gorakhnath, Matsyendranath (Machhandarnath) who is considered to be the Guru of 84 Siddhas.
10. Dwij Guru: It has been said in Manusmriti that after the Upanayana ceremony, the student takes second birth. That is why he is called Dwija. Gayatri is his mother and Acharya is his father till he is educated. After complete education he attains Gurupada. (Guru Purnima 2021)
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