The Department of Education – Seventeenth Chapter.
The subject of reverence and religious penance
Arjun said – O Krishna! What is the situation of those who abandon the scripture method and worship devadika with reverence? Is sattviki or royal kinsha tamasi?
Shree Bhagwan said – That reverence arising out of mere nature, devoid of classical rites of human beings (Shraddha arising out of the sacrament of deeds performed in eternal births is called “Swadhapaja”). It only happens. You hear it from me.
Hey India! The reverence of all human beings is in accordance with their conscience. This man is reverent, so the man who is revered as he is, is also the same.
Sattvic men worship the gods, Rajas, men worship the demons and demons, and others who are Tamas, they worship the ghosts and ghosts.
Those who are devoid of the human scripture method only meditate the mindless conceited tenacity and are full of arrogance and egoism, and also with the arrogance of desire, attachment and force.
Those who are about to exorcise the spirit community located in the body and also my divine being in the conscience (to dry the body through fasting practices against scripture and afflict the soul as a part of God, to the ghost community and to the transcendental God. ” Have to do.), You know those ignorant ones with distrustful nature.
Different distinctions of diet, sacrifice, asceticism and charity (The Department of Education – Seventeenth Chapter)
Food also has three types of love according to their nature. And in the same way, yajna, austerity and charity are also of three types. Hear from me this distinct and distinct distinction from me.
Those who increase age, intelligence, strength, health, happiness and love, those who are juicy, smooth and stable (the essence of which remains in the body for a long time, it is said to be stable.) And by nature, the mind is dear – Such foods, ie, the substances of food are dear to the sattvic man.
Bitter, sour, saline, very hot, pungent, dry, caustic, and diets that cause sorrow, anxiety and diseases, ie food items are loved by the rajas.
The food which is undercooked, juicy, deodorant, rancid and picky and also unholy, is the food that is loved by the Tamas Purush..
That which is prescribed by scripture method, it is the duty to perform the yajna – thus resolving the mind, it is done by men who do not want fruit, it is sattvik.
But hey Arjun! You should know the sacrificial fire that is performed only for the sake of Dambhacharan or by keeping the fruit in sight.
A yajna performed without scripture, devoid of food donations, without mantras, without Dakshina and without reverence is called Tamas Yajna.
Gods, Brahmins, Gurus (Here the word ‘Guru’ should understand mother, father, teacher and elders and whoever is older than himself,) and worship of the learned people, purity, simplicity, celibacy and non-violence – this body. – Relative asceticism is called॥.
Which is a non-spirited, dear and beneficial and accurate speech (the name of saying the exact same thing as experienced by the mind and senses is ‘true speech’) and which is the reading of the Vedas and scriptures and chanting of the name of God. The practice is – the same is called speech-related penance.
Happiness of the mind, calmness, nature of Bhagavachinthan, grace of the mind and well-being of purity of inner feelings, thus it is called meditation-related penance.
The aforesaid three types of austerities performed by the Yogi men who do not want the fruit with utmost reverence are called Sattvik.
The penance which is done by nature or hypocrisy for hospitality, honor and worship and for any other selfishness, is indefinite (‘indecisive fruit’ is said to be one who has no doubt in its fruit.) And transient fruitful tenacity. Rajas have been called here.
The austerity which is done in a stubbornly incessant way, including suffering of mind, speech and body, or to destroy another – is called Tapa Tamas
It is the duty to donate – in such a sense that charity is considered worthy to serve the country and time (the country and time in which there is a lack, the same country and time, by that object.) And the character ( Hungry, orphans, grieving, sick and incapable and beggars etc., then they are considered worthy characters to serve by food, clothes and medicines and anything which is lacking, and scholars with best practices, Brahmanjan Dhanadi, all kinds of substances. The eligible are considered eligible to serve.) On receipt, the donation is given to the non-benefactor, the donation is said to be Sattvik.
But donations which are given in a clash (such as money is often in present-day donations, etc.) and for the purpose of vindictive or in view of the fruit (ie, to bring glory, dignity and attainment of heaven or sickness. ) Is given and then given, that donation is called Rajas.
The donation which is given without hospitality or contemptibly towards the unworthy country and towards the son of a son, is called Dan Tamas.
Explanation of the use of Tatsat (The Department of Education – Seventeenth Chapter)
, Tatta, Satta-such three types of Sachchidanandaghan Brahmins have been called, from which Brahman and Vedas and Yajnadis were composed in the beginning of creation.
Therefore, the Yajna, charity and ritual activities prescribed by the scriptural method of the best men who chant the Vedas and mantras, always begin by pronouncing the name of this divine॥.
That is the name of the God, who is called by the name of ‘Tatta’ – all kinds of yagyas, taparaya kriyas and charity activities are done by men with a desire for well-being, not wanting the fruit in this sense.
Satt’- Thus, this divine name is used in truth and in exaltation and O Partha! The word ‘Sat’ is also used in Uttam Karma.
And the situation in yajna, austerity and charity is also called ‘satta’ in this way and the work done for that divine is definitely called satta.
Hey Arjun! Havan done without reverence, given charity and meditated penance and whatever auspicious act is done – all ‘Asatta’ – it is said in this way, therefore it is neither beneficial in this world nor after death. (The Department of Education – Seventeenth Chapter)
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